Essaouira Mogador is a town at the Atlantic coast of Morocco

En langue française



"Tourism in Essaouira is very different from tourism in other cities in the Kingdom of Morocco. There are no tourists who typically book package programmes and spend their entire holidays in the town, and up to now large tour operators have avoided Essaouira. There you will primarily find individual tourists, water sports enthusiasts and day-trippers enjoying an excursion from Marrakech or Agadir. Instead of bars, parties and sunbathing, there is predominantly art, culture and sports."
S. Bauer, A. Escher, S. Knieper: Essaouira, “The Wind City” as a “cultural product

Tourists at a bus stop

Essaouira is a tourist friendly town and is known to be a "cool" place.
The impact of tourism, immigration by Europeans (mostly French) and the returning of Moroccan expats from Europe has made Essaouira today a cosmopolitan oasis with a high grade of tolerans between particular ethnic or cultural groups.

Essaouira is a small town. Easy to walk around. Good roads and close proximity makes it easy also to visit places of interest in the region with local transports as buses and taxis. It is easy to find accomodation, restaurants and cafés. The medina has an interesting souk. Find beach amusements as wind- and kite surfing, horse- and camel riding....or just walk along the coasts.

A typical tourist

Tourism is one of the world’s fastest growing economic sectors.
Tourism is an important part of the Moroccan economy.98% of international tourism to Morocco came from Europe
The WorldTourism
highlights three primary attractions in Morocco:
  1. history and cultural heritage
  2. exoticism
  3. mild weather during the European winter.


Plan "Azur 2020"

Morocco's tourism authority has recently announced plans to restructure "Azur 2020" one of its most ambitious tourism initiatives aiming to revive this sector after years of stagnation due to financial challenges.

The overall aim of the project is to establish Morocco as a top tourist hub given its clean beaches, rich cultural heritage and well-loved cuisine to attract 20 million tourists to the North African country by 2020.

Moroccan Tourism Sector Gets Boost
Speakers: Morocco's Tourism Minister Yassir Zenagui,
Dr. Michael Frenzel, Chairman of the executive board of TUI.

For tourists...


Tourists visit Morocco and meet a culture different from their own. Depending on how they travel, the tourist can come more or less close to people and real life. Of course will the visitors experience be judged on their own knowledge and their own moral values and their personal feelings in general.


A tourist come back home and say that some people are very poor in Morocco because he had seen someone pick up a small piece of bread lying on the street. In his country most people don´t care if there is lying a piece of bread on the street. In Morocco most people pick it up and put it in a clean place because bread is as food in a special way sacred. Baraka of God. -may be someone else need to eat the bread.
(Baraka refers to spiritual power that manifests in the form of a blessing or good fortune, similar to the concept of good karma in Buddhism.)

The Moroccans is also experiencing a tourist in a similar way.
Tourists will be judged by the way the locals understand.

A child comes up to a tourist and asks for a dirham or a pen. If you leave them without giving anything it happens that they throw small stones after you.

A salesman cries "Hello my friend" "Where you from?".....Allemand?

Both locals and the tourists are usisng stereotypes when describing each others. It means making generalizations based on their own experiences or on what what others have said.

The Moroccans, the Berbers, the Jews......and the tourists(the French,..) etc.

It can be a kind of self-fulfilling prophecies......... you see what you want to see.

Indigenisation (Transformation to suit a local culture) is the key in getting the best when visiting Morocco.

The locals like foreigners that appreciate their culture. Try as much as possible to use the facilities of locals and try to become familiar with the native culture (language, local customs..... Specialized facilities and services for tourists are also far more expensive than the ones the locals use.

Tourism was a part of the colonial project for all European nations.
It spread with colonialism throughout the world at the end of 19th and beginning of 20th centuries. Travel literature from this time shows the extreme Orientalist rhetoric used by European tourists to interpret their experiences!

Advice to tourists

Most guides give advice to tourists about what is appropriate behavior in Morocco, for example:

  • Women should avoid provocative clothing
  • Don´t smoke, drink and eat in public during the day in the month of Ramadan
  • Never disturb someone in prayer
  • Avoid criticizing politics or religion!
  • Don´t touch any illegal drugs

    other cultural advices could be :

  • You should take of your shoes before entering a room with a carpet.
  • Don´t eat or greet people with your left hand as Moroccans use that
    hand for toilet

    or more disputed:
    (as they are gaining the salesmen ,among other things)

  • Never refuse if you are invited by locals to drink tea (A tei)
  • It is a tradition and a pleasure to bargain on the price.

    The responsibility of a tourist is to travel in an ethically good way and make a positive impact in the interaction with people and nature.
    Read more:
    Guidelines for Ecotravel - Responsible Travel Advice
    (External link)

Ne touche pas a mon enfant

Don´t touch my child

Combat crime in all its forms: Pedophilia (sexual abuse of prepubescent children) & incest (sexual abuse by a family member).

Observations of particular behavior that tourists encounter ... sometimes different from what the visitors are used too in their home countries.

Merchants and salesmen.

The following example is typical of salesmen and shows a typic attitude towards tourists who are interested in buying something in a souvenir shop. Usually there are never any prices noted.

- How much is this african mask?
- Oh. This mask is very nice.
- How much?
- It comes from Mali and is very rare.
- Yes I know that. How much is it?
- Look! It has a nice decoration and beutiful colours.
- Ok. But I want to know its price.
- Not expensive. I have more masks here.
- How much is this mask?
- Please come into my shop and look.
- No. I am only interested in knowing the price of this mask!
- 65 Euro (sic) (the right price is about 200 Dh)
- Oh. That is too much. I don´t want to buy it.

When you hear that they tell you a ridiculously high price you give the mask back and want to leave - they usually don´t want to take it back and they ask you:

- My friend (Sic) How much?

They think that you are interested in bargaining for the price and can offer you a cup of tea trying to seduce you
or they will try to sell something else to you that you don´t want.

Are they stupid? Do they not understand that they loose customers dealing that way?

They want to make as much money as possible and are continously insulting customers by asking a much higher price than the "right" price.

When you leave the shop not buying you are not longer their friend!

Read more about money and bargaining in:

"In general, the Moroccans are very friendly and hospitable. Just beware there are individuals who befriend travelers to take advantage of their naiveté. In some cases it's just to get you to purchase something so they can get a commission. In other cases it can be to rip you off. Be careful when someone approaches you without an invitation."'

"You will never get a great bargain. That's it, accept it. You might get a better deal than some other tourist with less patience or experience. Just don't enter the game at the start of your trip. If you can, visit a fixed price shop right away to see what a fair price is and decide what you'd like to purchase during your trip. You might even pick up something at the fixed price shop.


A tout is any person who solicits business or employment in a persistent and annoying manner (generally equivalent to a solicitor or barker in American English. An example would be a person who frequents heavily touristed areas and presents himself as a tour guide (particularly towards those who do not speak the local language) but operates on behalf of local bars, restaurant, or hotels, being paid to direct tourists towards certain establishments.

The experience in its worst form is the mafia-like intimidation of travellers from a group of unpolite men who approch you when you want a taxi at the airport in Marrakech and a milder variant when nice children offer you to rent an appartment in Essaouira.

It is wise to have a guide if you are not familiar with a location.

A tour guide (tourist guide) provides assistance, information and cultural, historical and contemporary heritage interpretation to people on organized tours, individual clients, educational establishments, at religious and historical sites, museums, and at venues of other significant interest.They (normally) have a recognized national or regional tourist guide qualification.

The tourist police in main tourist areas are watching tourists walking with local Moroccans trying to prevent harassment by fake guides and in certain circumstances is wise to register with the local police if you are travelling with young Moroccans.


Being a foreigner you experience people looking at you as an exotic creature. Mostly a positive experience getting a lot of attention and people communicate often with you with eye contact, greetings and hand shaking.

However, there are important exceptions. In traditional environments approaching, greeting and talking to women is not appropriate if you are man.

Meeting Etiquette

When Moroccans greet each other they take their time and converse about their families, friends, and other general topics. Handshakes are the customary greeting between individuals of the same sex.
Once a relationship has developed, it is common to kiss on both cheeks, starting with the left cheek while shaking hands, men with men and women with women. In any greeting that does take place between men and women, the woman must extend her hand first. If she does not, a man should bow his head in greeting.
When entering a social function, shake hands with the person to your right and then continue around the room going from right to left.
Say good-bye to each person individually when leaving.


To queue

If a number of clients wait at a store, it is not a rule to serve in the correct order. Those who are in a hurry and just like to buy a few things can be served before the others. So also small childen or an elderly. There is howewer also a common behavior, that some customers is pushing their way in and insisting on being served directly even though other customers waiting for their turn.


Garbage and dirt in the streets is common. Habitually waste is thrown in the streets. Sometimes garbage bags are placed in the street just outside the door and in the night animals(cows, goats and sheep, dogs and seagulls) is breaking the bag to eat its content and the wind is then doing the rest. The forest is full of plastic bags.......

Plastic bags in the forest

Regular cleaning of the streets have improved but not the behavior of people. In northeast of the town, the cows cross the "green wall" in the night and attack the waste containers.
Especially in the summer it is blowing a lot and sand and dust are a problem. Because of the special climate with high humidity, salty air and strong winds are buildings, machinery and vehicles vulnerable. The lack of maintenance is obvious. Some locations have a bad odor due to garbage and as well from leaking wastewater in the streets. Most drains are clogged with rubbish and it is not unusual that there is no manhole covers, dangerous for pedestrians and certainly vehicles. Neighborhoods in the medina and the town are occationally flooded by sewage..

Health for travellers

No vaccination certificate is required for visitors coming from Europe or America.
Recommendations: Typhoid or Hepatitis A, polio and tetanus vaccines

Food and water
Usually fried and boiled foods are safe. It is also advised not to drink tap water. Avoid eating fruits and vegetables that have not been peeled or cooked.

Take precautions against insect bites and sunburn.

Traffic accidents are a significant hazard in Morocco. Driving practices are very poor and have resulted in serious injuries to and fatalities.
Public buses and taxis are inexpensive, drivers typically exhibit poor driving habits, and buses are frequently overcrowded.

Learn more : Morocco Health recommendations (External link)

What is the main cause of traffic accidents in Morocco?
Yahoo Answers (External link)

Water bottle


Alcohol, tobacco and narcotics

In Essaouira there are shops selling wine, beer and spirits. Closed on Fridays. Theese shops are also closed during the month of Ramadan. As the religion forbids drinking for muslims Morocco is a rather dry country with few drunkards and Moroccans prefer dinking tea when meeting.

In Morocco, the sale of alcohol is officially forbidden to Muslims, and its consumption in a public place is liable to a fine and a sentence of six months in prison. This prohibition does not prevent Morocco from producing annually more than 40 million bottles.


Smoking is hazardopus

A 18 year old boy condemned to 3 month prison because he smoked a cigarette in a public place during Ramadan.


Tourists often notice that smoking tobacco is generally toleratad in restaurants and cafes, but not in the taxis or buses.

The crude prevalence of current smoking (currently smoked and had smoked > 100 cigarettes in lifetime) was 16.9% in the adolescent and adult rural population: 31.0% among men and 1.1% among women. The majority of smokers (74.4% of men and 68.8% of women) began smoking before age 20 years. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that age, sex, marital status, occupation and region of residence were the strongest determinants of current smoking. These results showed a high prevalence of smoking among males in the rural population of Morocco.

Burden of smoking in Moroccan rural areas.
Source: (External link)

Sibsi, skaf kif

To smoke and possess hashish (also " Kif " ) is illegal but it is common that travellers can be offered to buy or to smoke. A good advice is to be careful touching any drugs.
Read more here. .

Smoking Hashish in Morocco (External link)

Rapport: 800 000 toxicomanes au Maroc ( 5/2-2015)




















Traffic behavior

Don´t rely on your knowledge of traffic rules. Lack of education or just negligent conduct appears in typical phenomena as people walk out in the street without looking. Avoiding a hole in the ground is more important than driving on the right side of the street. In the night most cyclists have no lights at all. Do not expect that road users stop in a junction and let you pass.That a vehicle stops and lets pass pedestrians at a pedestrian crossing is very rare.

Traffic crashes on Moroccan roads claim a daily average of no less than 10 lives and 200 injuries. Strikingly enough, the 2005 international classification placed Morocco sixth in terms of the number of traffic accidents.

Link: WHO Road Safety -Estimated road trafic death rate (100 000 population ) 2013

The weather in Essaouira

A tourist finds Essaouira town cold in the summers and warm in the winters compared to the other regions in Morocco.
In the summer the northerly wind is persistent and strong, good for windsurfing but annoying for sunbathers who also can find the water temperature cold, 14-18° C (57-65°F).
The summers inlands in Essaouira province are very hot about 40° when it is 25° in Essaouira town.

When it is raining it is usually very nice weather because there is no winds. That is in the winter when temperatures go down to max 13 °C in the night but in general warm in the days.

So if you don´t like strong winds and not too cold nights the best seasons to visit Essaouira are the spring and the autumn.

The treatment of animals

Wild or semidomestic dogs are usually shy and avoid humans because people throw stones at them. Not only for protection but mostly for pleasure. You can even see children kicking cats and throwing stones at birds or other animals.To whip donkeys and horses is common.

Talking loudly in public

To talk loudly about private matters, on the mobile phone or more generally in public places is a common phenomenon, is not embarassing for locals. When tensions do occur, yelling, expressing frustration, and generally creating a public scene is acceptable and quite ordinary. However, it can be annoying for a visitor.


Moroccan "rendezvous"

To schedule an appointment at a specified time does not necessarily mean that the person will arrive at that time exactly. Rather later or when it's convenient. You usually meet people in the "souk" , at home luch- or dinner time, at the mosque or just at the neighborhood cafe.


Essaouira, as Morocco in general, is rather safe for visitors.
It is important that the tourists understand that they are objects of attention! For good and for bad.

It is easy to make local friends, to learn some arabic and take on some local habits in greetings and eating etc

If you are harassed in any way, the best thing is to take contact with other people - if they not already had gathered around you which is a habit here when something special has happened.

The social control is high mainly to your benefit.

Conflicts are usually caused by misconceptions, lack of understanding differences in culture and behaviour and an unvillingness to change perspective, but also common ignorance and normal human group behavior. Indigenisation (Transformation to suit a local culture) is the key in getting the best when visiting Morocco.

Read more below: Is Morocco a safe place for tourists?

Gay in Morocco

LGBT rights in Morocco (Internal link)

Family and women (Internal link)




Is Morocco a peaceful place on earth?

Morocco ranks the 83 place of 163 countries in the Global Peace Index 2020, GPI Indicatiors and other factors concerning Morocco and countries in the world.

Is Morocco a poor country?

Morocco ranks the 129th of 185 countries in the HDI (Human Development Index)
Source: UNDP

Wealth & Health of Nations
This graph shows how long people live and how much money they earn. Click the play button to see how countries have developed since 1800.

The King of Morocco, Mohammed VI, whose 12 palaces reportedly cost $1 million a day to operate. His net worth is up $1 billion this year to $2.5 billion, making him the only one of the world’s 15 richest royals to have added to his fortune in the past year. Ranked i9th of the top 20 of the world’s richest leaders!

Le Maroc, 8ème pays arabe le plus riche (

Mauvais chiffre du jour : le Maroc, 129è au classement IDH (

Poor Morocco

Morocco ranks in the 23d place of 43 selected countries with an IQ of 84.
The relationship between nations and intelligence is a controversial area of study concerning differences between nations in average intelligence test scores, their possible causes, and their correlation with measures of social well-being and economic prosperity.

National IQ

The intelligence scores came from work carried out earlier this decade by Richard Lynn, a British psychologist, and Tatu Vanhanen, a Finnish political scientist, who analysed IQ studies from 113 countries, and from subsequent work by Jelte Wicherts, a Dutch psychologist.


More info about Morocco: World Development Indicators Worldbank


Morocco ranks 91st of 133 (161) countries with acalculated scaore of 59,56.

In the Basic Human Needs Dimension, Morocco performs best on Nutrition and Basic Medical Care and has most opportunity to improve on the Water and Sanitation component. In the Foundations of Wellbeing Dimension, Morocco scores highest on Access to Basic Knowledge but lags on the Ecosystem Sustainability component. In the Opportunity Dimension, Morocco is strongest on Personal Freedom and Choice and has the most room to improve on Access to Advanced Education.




Morocco has one of the lowest cost of living compared to other countries in the world.

Cost of living in the world


Morocco a medium risk cpintry for investment

Morocco is ranked as a "medium-risk" country ahead of every other country in North Africa in terms of safety and stability.

Source: Morocco, Most Politically Stable Country in North Africa for Foreign Investments
Morocco World News 13 April 2016

Is Morocco a healthy country?

The health system in Morocco is comprised of three sectors: a public sector consisting of both the Ministry of Public Health and the Health Services of the Royal Armed Forces, a semi-public sector, and a private sector. The World Health Organization and UNICEF have helped prevent eye disorders and venereal diseases in Morocco.

Morocco is classified Medium risk in the Health Risk index by International SOS.

Health risk index by International SOS

Source: Washington post February 20 2015

WHO Morocco Health statistics (Pdf)

Wealth & Health of Nations

Health information for tourists
See text above: Health for travellers

Liens en français

Au Maroc, la brosse à dents est encore un luxe (


Is Morocco a democratic country?

Morocco is classified as a Partly democratic country:
The citizens have a lower degree of political rights and civil freedom, often due to insufficient legislation and corruption.
Source: Democracies in the world

Morocco ranks the 80 place of 182 countries in Worldwide Corruption Perceptions. The CPI generally defines corruption as "the misuse of public power for private benefit." 2011

"Corruption has been described in the past a a part of Moroccan life. It has been a huge problem at every level from police throiugh to local officials accepting cash for favours, building permissions and access to public figures. Now, according to Prime Minister Abbas El Fassi, Morocco is set to forge ahead with moralizing public life and fighting corruption and economic crimes.


Morocco corruption index valueMorocco was classified 90th place of 176 countries in the ccrruption Transparency Internastional index 2016.


The 2013 corruption perceptions index measures the perceived levels of public sector corruption in 177 countries and territories around the world - See more at source:

Transparency Morocco (TM), an association of public utility by decree n ° 2.09.391 of June 11, 2009, was established January 6, 1996 by a group of citizens to face an alarming situation of corruption and lack of transparency, ethics and good governance. It is a nongovernmental organization that adheres to the principles contained in the charter of Transparency International, an international organization whose stated objective is to fight against corruption worldwide

Since its inception, Transparency Morocco placed its fight against corruption in the democratic movement that promotes good governance, citizenship development, promoting the rule of law and the establishment of a National integrity.

Rule-of-law performance in Morocco

Morocco's global ranking on administration by law is 60 out 113 countries in 2016, according to the World Justice Project (WJP)'s 2016 Rule of Law Index.

What is the Rule of Law?

Source: World Justice Project

What about human rights in Morocco?

  • Freedom of expression

    Freedom of the press is relatively good compared with most other North African and Middle Eastern countries, though many journalists are thought to practice self-censorship and Morocco ranks low, 130 of 180 countries in the World Press Freedom index for 2015 (External link). Questioning the legitimacy of the monarchy is a taboo. The debate on political Islam is severely restricted and it is illegal to question the kingdom's "territorial integrity", i.e. the virtual annexation of the Western Sahara.
  • Intellectual terrorism
  • Several Moroccan actors have received death threats on social networks and telephone to have played in the last film Christopher Spencer "Son of God" (Son of God). Souce: bladi.
  • net 26/01 2015

  • Freedom of the Press worldwide 2016

    Freedom of the press 2016


  • Freedom of religion

    Freedom of religion is generally observed, with some limitations. Although Islam is the official state religion, Moroccans are permitted to practice other faiths, but it is illegal for Muslims to renounce Islam. Therefore, restrictions apply to Christian proselytizing. Political activities under the rubric of Islam are also restricted by the state. There still exists a Moroccan Jewish community, although most Jews emigrated in the years following the creation of Israel in 1948. Moroccans are divided in Muslim 98.7%, Christian 1.1%, Jewish 0.2%.


End blasphemy Laws Worldwide

Blasphemy laws, broadly, are those which restrict or punish speech which is deemed to insult religion.
According to the International Humanist and Ethical Union (IHEU)s 2014 Freedom of Thought Report, 55 countries worldwide – including EU member states – have criminal laws restricting blasphemy. In 39 countries, it is an imprisonable offence, and in six, it carries the death penalty.In Morocco there is a prison sentence.

Source: Le blasphème, c'est sacré - par Léon Ouaknine ( 10/02/2015)

Apostasy (ارتداد, irtidād and ridda) i.e. the rejection of faith, is a serious offense in Islam. The punishment for apostasy as prescribed by Prophet Muhammad is death. A murtad (مرتد apostate) who hides his apostasy is referred to as a munāfiq (منافق hypocrite).

Source: Islam and Apostasy (

Minorités religieuses au Maroc cherchent reconnaissance désespérément (


Internal links:
The flag of Morocco
Arabic phrases
The Jews

  • Social rights and equality

    In 2004 the Moroccan parliament took steps to improve the status of women and children, and has passed a new family law, Mudawanat al Asra (English Family Code), which is widely regarded as very progressive by regional standards. For example, men are now permitted only one wife unless their wife signs an agreement. In addition to being candidates in mixed electoral lists, women have a national list in parliamentary elections that allow them for at least 10% of the seats.

    In parallel, and in September 2006, a national observatory to fight violence against women was founded. Many state departments, administrations, universities as well as national female associations are sought to coordinate efforts together.
    Recently, in 2009, new legislation has also allowed women to divorce their husbands without the consent of the husband.


    Society - Stop! Now the harassment of women on the street is punishable by imprisonment.
    In case of harassment, the arrested person may be sentenced to a prison term of up to 6 months and a fine of up to 10,000 dh.
    Similarly, Morocco is strengthening its penal code, concerning the protection of women, by ending forced marriage, thus an individual who forces a woman to marry, will receive a sentence ranging from 6 months to 12 months in prison as well as 'a fine.
    "Whomever persists in interfering with others in public or other places by means of sexual acts, words or gestures" is considered to be guilty of harassment. Harassment may also be through written, telephone or electronic correspondence, photos and / or sexually explicit recordings.
    The penalty is increased if the offender is a colleague at work, a family member, up to 5 years in prison.
    It is therefore the law 103.13 called "Hakkaoui law" and the first Moroccan woman to have the provisions of this law is a woman from Casablanca.
    The first arrests have already begun today.

    Source: Facebook -Discovery Morocco : Découvrez le Maroc autrement 2018-09-13

    Sex outside of the marriage is criminal, and few illegitimate children are registered as citizens. They therefore lack the possibility of schooling, health care etc. Many people go to the street. Several are looking for Europe, we have all read about Moroccan street children.

  • "Morocco’s 2011 constitution incorporated strong human rights provisions, but these reforms did not lead to improved practices, the passage of implementing legislation, or the revision of repressive laws. In 2013, Moroccans exercised their right to peaceful protest in the streets, but police continued to violently disperse them on occasion. Laws that criminalize acts deemed harmful to the king, the monarchy, Islam, or Morocco’s claim over the disputed Western Sahara limited the rights to peaceful expression, assembly, and association. In February, a military court sentenced 25 civilian Sahrawis to prison terms, including nine to life imprisonment. The trial was just one of many unfair trials in recent years that have resulted in politically motivated convictions."
    From Human Rights Watch World Report 2014

  • 158 400 slaves in Morocco today

Say no to  let children work as housemaids

Say no to let children work as housemaids!

    THERE ARE AN ESTIMATED 158,400 PEOPLE IN MODERN SLAVERY IN MOROCCO – THIS IS EQUIVALENT TO 0.48% OF THE ENTIRE POPULATION. Morocco ranks the 55th place of 167 countries in The Global Slavery Ranking.


The general characteristics of a country that has received a rating of C are as follows:

  1. The government response to modern slavery is inadequate, with limited and/or few victim support services,
  2. a weak criminal justice framework
  3. weak coordination or collaboration, while little is being done to address vulnerability.
  4. There are government practices and policies that facilitate slavery. Services, where available, are largely provided by IOs/NGOs with little government funding or in-kind support.

    The Global Slavery Index estimates the number of people in modern slavery in 167 countries. It is a tool for citizens, non government organisations, businesses and public officials to understand the size of the problem, existing responses and contributing factors, so they can build sound policies that will end modern slavery.

    Source: The Global Slavery Index

    Maroc : ce qui change pour les "petites bonnes" le mois prochain
    ( 9 septembre 2018 )

    50 000 esclaves au Maroc aujourd'hui (

    Trafficking in Persons Report

    Morocco on Tier 2 Watch List in the 2014 Trafficking in Persons Report. The Government of Morocco does not comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking;

    Morocco is a source, destination, and transit country for men, women, and children who are subjected to forced labor and sex trafficking. Some rural Moroccan girls as young as 6-years-old are recruited to work as maids in cities and become victims of forced labor, experiencing nonpayment of wages, threats, restrictions on movement, and physical, psychological, or sexual abuse; however, an NGO reports that the incidence of child maids has decreased since 2005, in part due to government-funded programs promoted in primary school and awareness programs funded by UN agencies and NGOs. Some Moroccan boys experience forced labor while employed as apprentices in the artisanal and construction industries and in mechanic shops. Some men, women, and children, primarily from sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, enter Morocco voluntarily, but illegally, with the assistance of smugglers; once in Morocco, some of the women and older girls are coerced into prostitution or, less frequently, forced into domestic service. International organizations and local NGOs report that unaccompanied children and women from Cote d’Ivoire, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Nigeria are highly vulnerable to sex trafficking and forced labor in Morocco. Some women from Cote d’Ivoire, the Philippines, and Indonesia are recruited for employment as domestic workers in Morocco; some report being subjected to forced labor, experiencing nonpayment of wages, withholding of passports, and physical abuse at the hands of their employers. Criminal networks operating in the northern border town of Oujda on the Algerian border force undocumented foreign migrant women into prostitution and begging; these networks also reportedly force children into begging. Some female migrants transiting Oujda, particularly Nigerians, are forced into prostitution once they reach Europe. There is some child sex tourism committed by foreigners in major cities in Morocco. Due to conflicts in the region, Morocco experienced a small increase in the number of irregular migrants and asylum seekers in 2013, including from Syria and the Central African Republic; these migrants are vulnerable to trafficking in Morocco.

    Moroccan men, women, and children are exploited in forced labor and sex trafficking in Europe and the Middle East. Moroccan women are forced into prostitution primarily in the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Jordan, Libya, Syria, and European countries; some of them experience restrictions on movement, threats, and emotional and physical abuse. Recruiters reportedly offer Moroccan men jobs in the Persian Gulf, but seize the victims’ passports and subject them to debt bondage after arrival. A few Moroccan men and boys are lured to Europe by fraudulent job offers and are subsequently forced to sell drugs.



    2015 Human traficking Report (


  • In The Global Gender Gap Index , which examines the gap
    between men and women in four fundamental categories
    (subindexes): economic participation and opportunity, educational attainment, health and survival and political empowerment, (The four pillars),

    was ranked the 139th of 145 countries.

In 2014 Morocco was ranked 133th of 142

Source: The Global Gender Gap Report 2015- World Economic Forum.

  • Berber identity

    Berber activists regularly contend that under the banner of Arabization, their unique language and culture are being repressed in favor of an Arab one. This is viewed as discrimination and method of marginalization. However, on October 17, 2001 the Royal institute of the Amazigh culture was founded to maintain and develop the Amazigh languages and culture.
    Internal link: Haha (Amazigh)



  • Capital punishment


Death sentences and executiojns 2016

Though theoretically capital punishment is still not abolished in Morocco, there has been only one execution in the last 25 years, and it happened in 1993. 198 people were sentenced to death between 1956 and 1993, although there was an 11 year lull in executions between January 1982 and August 1993. Equity and Reconciliation Commission (IER) estimated 528 persons were killed during Hassan II's reign in both judicial and extrajudicial executions

  • LGBT rights in Morocco
    See text above: LGBT

Source: Wikipedia Human rights in Morocco

Is Morocco a happy country?

Morocco is ranked the 84th of 155 countries in a UNSDSN report of the happiest countries in the world for 2014-2016, according to World Happiness Report 2017.


Is Morocco a good country?


Morocco ranks#35 out of 60 in USNews BEST COUNTRIES, scoring relatively good at heritage and movers. See source: USNews 22-01-2016

Morocco ranks 67th of 125 countries in The Good Country Index overall rankings .

Simon Anholt 2013



Is Morocco involved in any conflicts?

Watch Conflict map

Morocco  the 17th largets arms imorter 2011 - 2015


Arms exporters




Le Maroc, pays le plus stable du Maghreb (

Is Morocco a safe place to travel for tourists?

"Morocco's economy is very dependent upon tourism and continues to be a favourite holiday destination for Europeans (3rd favourite for the French), and in Marrakech, over 17,000 foreigners are registered (2007) homeowners. Recent reforms have been put in place to ensure the visitors experience in Morocco is as carefree as possible. All guides must be registered and trained. Tourist Police forces work in every major city. Compared to Europe, crime is commonly petty thievery on trains and buses.


Based on facts from the French foreign ministery
Morocco is classed as Normal vigilance - ( MAE 2015)

The World Economic Forum experts have calculated to what extent a country exposes tourists and businesses to security risks mainly related to serious damage to people (violence and terrorism). Note that petty crime is not taken into account. Finland is currently the safest country in the world and Morocco ranks 20 of 136 countries.

Source: Le classement 2017 des pays les plus sûrs pour les touristes (


The Global Terrorism Index

Morocco ranks 67 out of 162 countries in the Global Terrorism Index

The political situation is stable and progressing with modern democratic reforms. With strong diplomatic and trade associations in Europe, especially France - and increasingly the USA and Japan, positive change and growth is in the future for Morocco. Islamic extremism exists, but attacks are very rare and severely punished.

Islamic extremism

Moroccans practice a moderate and tolerant form of Islam, and are sensitive to the plight of Palestine and Iraq.

But....: Radicalism takes root in northern Morocco ( and a significant number of young Moroccans from Morocco and Europe engage in foreign wars for Islam, so-called jihadists. See the documentary "The Islamic state" (Vice news August 15, 2014)

A Moroccan parliamentary commission on Wednesday (December 14th 2015) agreed to impose 5-15 year prison sentences on citizens attempting to join Daesh jihadists in Syria or Iraq,
Having already strengthened laws against money laundering, the government has been working on legislation to criminalise participation in the Islamic State (ISIS) and other foreign terror organisations. ( Jan 17 2015)


Le documentaire “Sahel & Sahara – Connexions” réalisé par Hassan El Bouharrouti et Latifa Aït Baala a été projeté au Parlement européen à Bruxelles le mercredi 26 avril 2017 


Mohammed VI appelle les pays arabes à s’unir contre le terrorisme ( 16/08/2016)

Maroc : Mohammed VI interdit la politique aux imams ( 09/12/2015 )

Des camps d’entraînement de djihadistes au nord du Maroc ( 26-02-2015)

Morocco reacts to security threats with new plan - Hadar (The view from Fez /Nov 02, 2014)

Daesh menace le Maroc d'un massacre (

Terrorisme : alerte orange dans les McDonald’s au Maroc (

Hamas, frères musulmans, djihadistes : les différents visages de l'islamisme (

L'Internationale Jihadiste (

Daech appelle à tuer les touristes et les policiers au Maroc

Moroccans welcome all visitors, the culture is renowned for it's hospitality. Hassling to buy tends to be a problem, and Moroccans are experts in talking you out of your money, using charm and perhaps a glass of mint tea. The best way to let them know you do not want anything is to avoid looking at the wares for sale and simply walk away, even if the person is blocking your way. A bit of humour here can go a long way!"
Se also above: Merchants and salesmen.

Moroccans are favorable for the application of Sharia (Islamic law) in their country, according to a study by the American Institute of Pew Research, in which 83% of Moroccans interviewed in this survey, want to establish Sharia as the supreme law in their country.
Of a total of 39 countries, Morocco is the sixth country in the Muslim world, where people want to refer to these texts, especially to resolve family matters, such as inheritance, or governing the worship area, but also in the social and political spheres.
The study involved a sample of 1,472 Moroccans also reveals that 81% of Moroccans are opposed to armed attacks and suicide operations in the name of Islam.
Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping America and the world. It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research. Pew Research does not take policy positions.

Support for Sharia

More questions concerning travel safety etc at Source: Morocco Explored

Safety and security The Foreign and Commonwealth Office FCO UK

More about Islam in this site: arabic phrases

What about Moroccan education?

Morocco ranks the 73rd of 76 countries in the global school ranking. The analysis, based on test scores in maths and science, is a much wider global map of education standards than the OECD's Pisa tests, which focus on more affluent industrialised countries.



According to OOkla Netindex which measures the global download speed variation Morocco
has in avarage 6.1 Mbps - not the worst result compared to countries in Africa but far too slow compared to Europe.

50 Key Stats About Freedom of the Internet Around the World
( Sep 6, 2021 PIA Research Team)


Are Moroccans a generous people?

According to the CAF WORLD GIVING INDEX 2015 Morocco ranks no 126 of total 145.

The aim of the CAF World Giving Index is to provide insight into the scope and nature of giving around the world. In order to ensure that giving is understood in its various forms, the report looks at three aspects of giving behaviour. The questions that lie at the heart of the report are:

1. Helped a stranger, or someone you didn’t know who needed help?
Here Morocco ranks 48 of 145.

2. Donated money to a charity?
Here Morocco ranks 145 of 145.

3. Volunteered your time to an organisation?
Here Morocco ranks 141 0f 145 countries.

Morocco is the worst country in the world to donate money to charity and very poor in volunteer their time to an organisation. But Moroccans score fairly good at helping a stranger or someone in need.

Liens en français


Essaouira has been elected by the TV channel "Voyages" Fox Group
as one of the top 10 global tourism stops, considered "destinations of happiness."

Essaouira dans le top 10 des "destinations bonheur" du tourisme mondial

Les Arabes vus par un Japonais (

Le Maroc, un pays dangereux pour les touristes

Last updated: 26 October, 2021






External links
Conseils aux





Sustainable tourism

Guidelines for Ecotravel - Responsible Travel Advice

Sondage sur les musulmans du Maroc Article | , 24/12/2011

Touche pas a mon enfent

Global Peace Index

Human Rights Watch
World Report 2014


Portal LGBT

Islam and Homosexuality

Corruption Perceptions


Human rights in Morocco

without borders


Press Freedom Index

Association Marocaine
des Droits Humaine

Safety and Security
The Foreign and Commonwealth
Office FCO UK

Morocco Explored

Health statistics(Pdf)

Morocco Health


The Worldbank

What is the main cause
of traffic accidents
in Morocco?
Yahoo Answers (External link)

Islamic Living


Nations and intelligence

The Freedom of Thoughts Reports

International Humanist
and Ethical Union

Walk Free Foundation