Essaouira Mogador is a town at the Atlantic coast of Morocco

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Borj Souiria
"Souira Qdima" (Souiria Lakdima)

Souira Qadima

Description of the "Souira Qadima" fortress,
in Edmond Doutté (1867-1926)

See also
Castelo Real

The Portuguese


Souira Kadima , "Borj Souiria",
Souira Qadima,Guedima
,Laqdima formerly known as Aguz (Agouz, Gouz or Couz), is a Moroccan town 36 km south of Safi, at the mouth of the Tensift River on the Atlantic seacoast. Province Safi

The town was an important port in the 11th century, serving the city of Aghmat which was inland 3 days journey to the east.

Portuguese fortress

Between 1506 and 1525 the stronghold of Aguz was an enclave under Portuguese colonial rule, as were various other Moroccan towns, such as Safim (Safi) (1488-1541) .

It was governed by the following Portuguese Captains :

1506-1507 - Diogo de Azambuja
(at least one anonymous)
15..-1525 - Gonçalo Mendes Sacoto

The fort is also known by the name Castello Pena or Casbat Lahjar

For some,was Souira lqdima,the ancient city of Mogador possibly Diabet near the tomb of Sidi Megdoul.

Borj Souiria

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Souira Qdima
North Tower of Borj Souiria

Souira Qdima
South Tower

Souira Qdima
South and Eastern side with the door renovated

The Ben Hamidouch Kasbah

17th century ruins Kasbah Hamidouch - Mâachate ,(El Khemis Oueled Haj)
about 10 km south of Souiria at the left bank of the Oued Tensift.
Province Safi

This kasbah was a major fortress built by sultan Moulay Ismaïl in the seventeenth century. The outer wall, flanked by bastions and crowned by barricades has tremendous allure despite the ravages of time. 150 m long on each of its four sides, it encloses a mosque and various ruined buildings.

Kasbah Hamidouch

Historical sources trace the time of its construction to the reign of Sultan Moulay Ismail Alaoui.
It is surrounded by a large enclosure "Tabiya, " which ends with the curtain towers, oblong.

Inside the kasbah we can distinguish several components:

    • The structures of a mosque.
    • The mechouar: it is protected by a second wall and a moat that was filled with water from the Oued Tensift. The interior of michouar houses several ruined structures, whose function currently escape us.
    • The monument is currently in very poor condition.
    • The Mellah: The enclosure of michouar ends on the south by a section that extends to the walls of the Kasbah. This was probably the mellah.


Kasbah Hamidouch



Kasbah Hamidouch

Moulay Ismaïl is also known as a fearsome ruler and used at least 25,000 slaves for the construction of his new capital Meknes. His Christian slaves were often used as bargaining counters with the European powers, selling them back their captured subjects for inflated sums or for rich gifts. Most of his slaves were obtained by Barbary pirates in raids on Western Europe. Over 150,000 men from sub-Saharan Africa served in his elite Black Guard. By the time of Ismail's death, the guard had grown tenfold, the largest in Moroccan history.

Kasbah Hamidouch

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The ruins of Dar Caid Hadji

Dar el-Qayed El-Hajji

Dar Caid Hadji

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Dar Caid Hadji


Dar Caid Hadji Year 1337=1918

1337 Hijri 1919 Gregorian time

Dar Caid Haji

Dar Caid Hadji

Dar Caid Hadji
Dar Caid Hadji

Dar Caid Hadji

Detail of wall decoration of Dar Caid Hadji

Pictures of Dar Caid Hadji (

More in: Rural Architecture


Tour Maps

Souira Qdima