Essaouira Mogador is a town at the Atlantic coast of Morocco

En langue française




"The port of Timbuktu"

From the Middle Ages to the 17th century there were sugar-cane refineries in the province of Mogador. Other local products was fish and cereals but Mogador exported also items coming from Africa with the caravan trade.

The merchants of the souk traded salt, camelskins,
gold, slaves........for European cloth and Chinese tea.

Essaouira attracted pirates and the inhabitants of Diabet lived close to the sea and the bay and was used by the Sultan to fight the pirates.
For this task they were supplied with goods and military services.

See also:

Barbary Corsairs

The Sugar Refinery

The Consulates of the Medina

The Port

The Jews



Calendar Souks




Important Jewish
merchant families

Important Moroccan Jewish merchant families were recruited by the sultan to take charge of developing trade and relations in Mogador in relation to Europe.

The Sultan´s merchants
"tujjar as-sultan"

The extraordinary and privileged Jewish tujjar elite controlled all of the major imports of Mogador and other Moroccan trade centers where their influence was gradually extended. These included sugar, tea, metals, gunpowder, and tobacco. The tujjar also managed such vital exports as wheat, hides, cereals, and wool, items which became government monopolies at the time.

The one exception was all artisan work connected to wood, directly linked to the vast forests around the town.


The tujjar declined in influence after the 1890s with the aggressive penetration of the European powers into the Sharifian Empire of Morocco. By the early part of the 20th century, and certainly following the formation of the French protectorate (1912), they disappeared from the scene. A new elite of Jewish entrepreneurs, recruited by the French, Spaniards, Italians, and British commercial houses replaced them, as did foreign merchants who settled in Mogador and other parts of the country, controlling commerce until Moroccan independence in 1956.

LIens en francais:

Water carrier

Merchants and street vendors

Barley merchants

Chickpeas merchants

An outdoor Curio Shop

Market street

A market street

Jewish junkj dealers

Sale of a child slaves

A vendor of sweets in mOgador


Cake seller

Shoeshine boys

Wood market

See also Calendar Souks (Internal link)





External Links