Bronze cannons made in
Spain of coppar from Mexico and Peru. Scala the Port
and the Mogador island can bee seen in the background.
There are 19 bronze canons of 3 different nationalities
in the Scala of the Kasbah.Spanish, Portuguese and
This canon has an indentation
at the mouth of fire
from the bombardement of the town in 1844 by Prince Joinville.
This canon caused the death of the renegade
artificer Omar Al Alj and it is said that his head
was found outside Bab al Jihade.
"Because the sultan received information that all the iron cannons at hisfavorite place, the hideous Mogador,were raised by the salty
the sea air, he had decided, that Mogador should be armed
only with metal cannons..."
Bayt Al Latif
the Kasbah was built for defense against attacks
from the sea.
The fortification is constructed in two
levels. Ground floor with storage rooms for miltary material.
The founder of the new town Essaouira, Sultan Sidi Mohammed ben Abdallah ordered the constructing of the Scala of the port and the Scala of the Kasbah. (3 years to finish)