Essaouira Mogador is a town at the Atlantic coast of Morocco

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In the northern part, the major relief is Jebel el Hadid which has an altitude of about 659 m. It is composed of Jurassic limestone.

Old iron mines in Djebel Hadid

Hanno the Navigator (500 BC) exploited iron deposit in Jbel Hadid.

The Meskala fields

"The Oxfordian shale was sufficiently buried in western Essaouira to generate voluminous gas and condensate liquids, and to expel them into structurally closed Jurassic reservoirs (Toukimt field) or offset horst-block Triassic reservoirs (Meskala field). Geochemical evidence suggests that the Jurassic-age reservoirs across the eastern Essaouira basin host commingled gases sourced from Jurassic and Carboniferous strata. Coal methane, generated from a deeply buried Carboniferous interval, may have been the main source for the astern Essaouira basin. Traps developed as structures draping salt domes at junctions of offset transtensive faults."

Hydrocarbon Generation in the Essaouira Basin of Western Morocco - Paul Broughton , Andre Trepanier AAPG Bulletin

Sils in Essaouira region
Sandy soils at the coastal strip of Essaouira Province and inlands Red soils of the mountain forest, eroded with limestone surface in assocoation with humus-carbonate (rendzina) soil and in cracks Paleozoic granite. Evergreen woods of Thuja Tetraclinis and Argania Spinosa


Mountainous formations
in the Tidzi valley in Smimo


Mountain path

Djebel Hadid


Geology map of Morocco

Detail of geology map

Salt in water stream  at the plateau of Djebel Hadid

The water of this stream on the plateau of the mountain Djebel Hadid is salty.
There are saline wells but there are also wells with fresh water just a few meters beside.

Plage Iftane Sediments sandstone

Sandstone sediments in Plage Iftane


Intensuty map of earthquake felt 2021-04-29

Eathquake felt 2021-04-29


Map of seismic activities in Essaouira  environment

Old map of seismic activities in the Essaouira region.

2 Mars 2009
Sidi Kaouki Magnitude 4,6
(Institut national de Geophysique)

The most famous disaster for Mogador was the earthquake1st of November 1755, Lisbon ( Magnitude 9) and the following Tsunami with 15 m high wawes who destroyed parts of the towns at the Moroccan Atlantic coast including Mogador.


The 1960 Agadir earthquake
took place on February 29, 1960, at 23:40 local time.
It was the most destructive and deadliest earthquake in Moroccan history with a magnitude of 5.7 Mw, killing around 15,000 people (about a third of the city's population of the time) and wounding another 12,000. At least 35,000 people were left homeless.

Pictures from the earthquake (External link)

Despite its moderate magnitude, the earthquake's shallow focus
and proximity to the major city of Agadir made it very destructive.


Salt processed from Rocksalt with rainwater ponds

Salt from rainwaterponds where rocksalt is processed.
Asla Smimo

Natural stones by roadside Ait Daoud

Natural stones Ait Daoud

Natural stones and Biada

Natural stones
Natural stones in Ait Daoud

Liens en fran├žais:

La magnifique rose des sables

Links in English:

Early Middle Stone Age personal ornaments from Bizmoune Cave, Essaouira, Morocco
( 22 Sep 2021)


  Updated: September 23, 2021