In 2004 the Moroccan parliament took steps to improve the status of women and children, and has passed a new family law, Mudawanat al Asra (English: Family Code), which is widely regarded as very progressive by regional standards. For example, men are now permitted only one wife unless their wife signs an agreement. In addition to being candidates in mixed electoral lists, women have a national list in parliamentary elections that allow them for at least 10% of the seats.
In parallel, and in September 2006, a national observatory to fight violence against women was founded. Many state departments, administrations, universities as well as national female associations are sought to coordinate efforts together.
Recently, in 2009, new legislation has also allowed women to divorce their husbands without the consent of the husband.
Sex outside of the marriage is criminal, and few illegitimate children are registered as citizens. They therefore lack the possibility of schooling, health care etc. Many people go to the street. Several are looking for Europe, we have all read about Moroccan street children.
In The Global Gender Gap Index , which examines the gap
between men and women in four fundamental categories
(subindexes): economic participation and opportunity, educational attainment, health and survival and political empowerment, (The four pillars),
Morocco was ranked the 139th of 145 countries.
In 2014 Morocco was ranked 133th of 142
Source: The Global Gender Gap Report 2015- World Economic Forum.
The Relative Status of Women and Men. The status of men is higher than that of women. For the most part, women remain in private, domestic places. The man , the father represents the family outwards.
Worship in mosques is generally reserved for men and all Muslim leaders are male. Conservative Moroccans may not entertain mixed-sex groups. Within the family, the maintained virginity of a young woman is guarded, as it is vital to her acceptance for marriage. On the other hand, male sexual activity before marriage is regarded as normal.
63% of the Moroccan woman thinks domestic violence is justified! Source: Yabiladies.com 12.09.2014
Ululation , from Latinululo, is a long, wavering, high-pitched vocal sound resembling a howl with a trilling quality. It is produced by emitting a high pitched loud voice accompanied with a rapid back and forth movement of the tongue and the uvula.
Ululation is practiced either alone or as part of certain styles of singing, on various occasions of communal ritual events (like for example weddings) used to express strong emotion.
The extended family is of utmost importance
as it is a source of status and reputation as well as financial
support. One's personal dignity and honor are an extension of
the family name. The individual is always subordinate to the family
or group. The concept of hshuma, or shame, is spread to the entire family if one member of
the family is known to have misbehaved. Moroccans view married
life as the only normal way for adults to live. Polygamy is allowed
under Islam, although it is rarely practiced. In such cases, the
wives may live together in one house, or depending on the family's
economic status, each wife may reside in her own dwelling with
her offspring.The elderly are revered and respected and often
exert a great influence on the rest of the family.
The Concept of Shame - Hshuma
. Moroccans' most cherished possession is
their honour and dignity, which reflects not only on themselves
but on all members of their extended family.
. Moroccans will go out of their way to preserve their personal
. Hshuma occurs when other people know that they have behaved
. A Moroccan's sense of self-worth is externally focused, so the
way others see them is of paramount importance.
. If someone is shamed, they may be ostracized by society, or
even worse by their family.
. To avoid hshuma, many Moroccans will say or do things publicly
because it makes them look good or helps them avoid embarrassment
. In business it is extremely important to verify anything that
has been agreed to in front of others as it may not have been
a sincere agreement and the person may have no intention of following
Mogador woman 1935
Moroccan family law is built around the Moudawana,
a family code that governs marriage,