Essaouira Mogador is a town at the Atlantic coast of Morocco

En langue française


Amazighen, (singular: Amazigh)

The Berbers

Haha is an Amazigh (Berber) ethnic group
belonging to Chleuh group.
They speak Tashelhiyt.


Their region stretches along from the city of Essaouira south to the Souss valley, mainly on the Atlantic coast.

Their neighbours to the north are the Chiadma, who have a similar culture but are Arab speakers.

Terrirories Haha and chiadma

Explore the Haha territory
Eco Friendly Tours


The Gangas are black Berbers who have been present in the region since the 16th century at the time when they worked in the sugar refineries.
See Target The sugar refinery


HaHa - Name on a bus


Berber symbols

Amazigh (Free Man) or "Berber" Symbol

More Imazighen symbols here!

The ancient Berber script, Tifinagh, was developed around 500 BC, from the Pheonicians.The Symbol represents Freedom seen by the Imazighen of North Africa. It was used in the war as a weapon and also represents the last letter 'Z' of the Tifinagh Alphabet. It is called the AZA sign of the Imazighen people used in the middle of the Amazigh flag.
and a Tifinagh letter yaz (z) or aza.

Berber flag

The Berber flag



Tamazight - Berber langugae spoken in
the high and middle Atlas mountains.



The Berbers are considered the first inhabitants of Morocco. Islamised by the Arabs.
See Timeline history


Chleuh of Haha Berbers

Musicians with their typical instruments
playing for the tourist at the cafés

(Achelhi plural: Ichelhiyen)
Shilha native Taclhit, variously transcribed Tachelhit, Tachelhiyt, Tachlhit; also Tamazirt n Suss, (Moroccan Arabic:Shelha) is one of the large Berber language with about 3 million speakers.

There are three berber linguistic groups in Morocco. In the North the Rif (tarifit), in the High and Middle Atlas Tamazigh (tamazight) and also in the Anti Atlas and the Souss the Chleuh (tachelhit).

See the Amazigh alphabet here

Argan tree in the Haha territory

Argan tree in the Haha territory


The confederation of the Haha consists of the following 12 tribes:

Aït Aïssi
Aït Tamer
Aït Zelten
Ida ou Bouzia
Ida ou Guelloul
Ida ou Gord
Ida ou Issarn
Ida ou Kassou
Ida ou Tghoumma
Ida ou Zemzem

Ibn Battuta

Ibn Battuta 1304 - 1369

A Moroccan explorer of Berber descent. Over a period of thirty years, Ibn Battuta visited most of the known Islamic world as well as many non-Muslim lands. His journeys included trips to North Africa, the Horn of Africa, West Africa and Eastern Europe in the West, and to the Middle East, South Asia, Central Asia, Southeast Asia and China. Ibn Battuta is considered to be among the great travellers of all time. Ibn Battuta is probably buried in Tanger where he died and he visited also Marrakech (the mythical capital of the Amazigh, Marrakech (Land of Gods).


Ibn Battuta

Political map of Haha

Morocco - the berbers

Amazigh alphabet

The Amazigh alphabet also called Tifinagh

Virtual keyboard Amazigh Tifinagh here (External link)

Berber Calendar

Happy Yennayer 2972 (January 12 2022)
Idh Yennayer

Assegas Ameggaz!

Assegas Amegaz

Starting from the 1960s, however, on the initiative of the Académie Berbère of Paris,
some Berbers have begun computing the years starting from 950 BC, the approximate
date of the rising into power of the first Libyan Pharaoh in Egypt, Shoshenq I, whom they identified as the first prominent Berber in history (he is recorded as being of Libyan origin).
For example, the Gregorian year 2010 corresponds to the year 2960 of the Berber calendar.

"Some historians link it to the enthronement as pharaoh of the Amazigh king Chachnaq after defeating Ramses III [believed to have happened in 950 BC]," said archaeologist Mostafa Ouachi, referencing the Berbers' ancient Amazigh language.
"For others, it corresponds to what is known in Morocco as the agricultural calendar, celebrated around January 13," said Ouachi, a professor at Rabat University. Source: Al Jazeera 13 Jan 2014

Morocco's Berbers, who several years ago won official recognition for their ancient Amazigh language in a new constitution, are also pushing for January 13 to be made a public holiday.

Yennayer - the first day of the Amazigh New Year, based on the Julian calendar - has long been celebrated in various parts of Morocco, Algeria and Libya with special foods and performances.

A common dish is the seven-vegetable couscous, or the rfissa (shredded pancakes) with chicken. Children receive gifts and treats. Adults wear masks - of different animals and characters - to entertain children. Source: Al Jazeera 16 Jan 2015

Le réveil Amazigh est certain en Afrique du Nord : Yennayer peut en témoigner

Souce: Berber Calendar Wiki

Tamazgha - North Africa

Tamazgha North Africa

Les Symboles Berbères 

More about Berber symbols

A berber tradition from the Middle Atlas mountains
Fantasia at a Moussem in the village Tighessaline Khenifra Morocco 2012

Les Berbères (Imazighen/Amazigh) - D'où viennent-ils ? (YouTube video)



LE MAROC - Riches Indigenes

Lycce name in arabic, berber and French

In 2011, the king Mohammed VI initiated a constitution which for the first time
recognised the Berber language as an official language beside Arabic. (,130411)
Here we see the name of the school in Arabic, Berber and French.

Sois Amazigh mais tais toi!

You can not ignore the fact that there is an ongoing conflict between Arabs and Berbers
and that there is a struggle against Arabization and Islamism.
This struggle has intensified with the increased political awareness that followed the "Arab Spring" uprising.

This awareness includes illuminating discrimination and abuse of Berber human rights
but also to give them credits for culturel, scientific and historical achievements in the past!


Sectarianism and exclusion with regard to Berber culture since the independence of the Maghreb countries (the university chairs disappeared in 1956 in Rabat and in 1962 in Algiers), misinformation of school books, perpetual damage to heritage and in memory, the sequestration of the cultural, artistic and intellectual potential have never allowed the Berbers to come true ... hence some similarities with the diaspora of the French AFN still seeking recognition ...
Today, they claim their belonging to this proud, noble and free race "Imochagh" who characterized their ancestors and, in a permanent quest for their roots, lean nostalgically on their history.

LA  KAHENA -  « Jeanne d’Arc berbère », par Jose Castano

Links in English

Celtic-Amazigh|Berber connection



Liens externes en français

Histoire ancienne (

De la mentalité amazighe et arabe au Maroc! (

La culture Berbère au Maroc (

Il etait une fois le Maroc : LES BERBÈRES, par David Bensoussan (

Les Juifs amazigh du Maroc dans la peinture d'Eugène Delacroix (

Le Maghreb fête Yennayer 2964

Comment la Berbèrie est devenue le Maghreb Arabe




(Daniel J. Schroeter . In Relations Judéo-Musulmanes au Maroc : perceptions et réalités,
edited by Michel Abitbol, Paris: Editions Stavit, 1997, pp. 169-187

Le secret d’une écriture... - Par Lakhdar Omar (

Les tribus judéo-berbères en Afrique du Nord


AKSEL : Symbole de la résistance amazighe à l'invasion arabe (

10 raisons qui prouvent que les berbères marocains ont la grande classe


Yennayer, le Nouvel An Berbère

Khadija Riyadi: je ne suis pas arabe, je suis amazigh!

Comment la Berbèrie est devenue le Maghreb Arabe

Les Berbères : aux origines d’un peuple millénaire

Les rites du mariage à Haha (

10 raisons qui prouvent que les berbères marocains ont la grande classe

Sorcellerie et sagesse des femmes de Haha

Aux origines de la blondeur des berbères


Histoire d'amazigh

Les tatouages berbères

Le mystère des dix tribus perdues d’Israël : les tribus berbères de l’Afrique du Nord

Aux origines de la blondeur des berbères

Les tribus judéo-berbères en Afrique du Nord

La véritable origine des berbères blancs (

Les tatouages berbères

Les Berbères du Haut Atlas marocain (VIDEO)



Berber woman


Christian Amazigh

Imazighen christians

Tinghir - Jérusalem: Les echos du mallah

Imazighen jews



The Haha Berbers