Essaouira Mogador is a town at the Atlantic coast of Morocco
Essaouira

 
En langue française
 

 

 

What is the origin of the name Mogador?

Essaouira was known as Mogador during the French protectorate 1912 - 1956. With the independence of Morocco, the town took the official name of Essaouira! But the name Mogador was identified in the world map of Medici in 1357 and on a map designed by Pizzigani 1367 and the Portuguese called it Mogadouro and the Spanish Mogadour - Mogador. The name Essaouira originate from when the Sultan Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdallah renewed the city and called it Souira (Souera) 1767.


Etymology


Here are some facts about the names of Essaouira:

The site of Mogador was named Thamuziga, by the great geographer
Ptolemy
(AD 90 – 168).
In the 6th century BC, the Phoenicians created a settlement on the Island of Mogador and they named it Migdal , Migdol ("watchtower")
Migdal - Migdol - A-Migdal - A-Migdol.

The original Phoenician name for this ancient outpost could have been ‘'Arambys'‘ deriving from the Phoenician phrase ‘'Har Anbin'‘, meaning ‘''mountain of grapes'‘.
(C. Michael Hogan, Mogador: promontory fort, The Megalithic Portal, ed. A. Burnham, Nov. 2, 2007

Or Kariton Teikos- "Mur Carien" - Korak Korakan signifie "high"...
( Lakhdar, Omar Sur les traces de Castello Real à Amagdoul
Géografique 2ème édition octobre 2006)

The Phoenicians founded a dye (purple factory) on the island which later the Romans reestablished and it gave the name "the Purple Islands" ( Iles Purpuraires,ile de Mogador).
In the 11th century the Island of Mogador was named Amagdoul for the first time by El Bekri. ( Lakhdar, Omar Mogador memoires d´une ville Géografique 2ème édition mars 2010)
In Amazigh (berber) language Amagdoul ("the well garded").

The muslim saint Sidi Mogdoul was buried here in the middle ages and his name is important to this place. A common understanding is that the name Mogador , likely is a deformation of the name Sidi Mogdoul.

Tomb of Sidi Magdoul, Essaouira
The tomb of Sidi Magdoul

It is also said he was a Scottish mariner with name MacDougal who got wrecked on the coast some centuries ago and acquired the status—and pronunciation of his name—by which he is now respected. And from (Migdoul) Mogdoul to Mogador is just one step and the name Mougdoul exists only in Essaouira in the muselman world.
But historians confirms that Sidi Magdoul
was belonging to the Regraga Brotherhood.

The Portuguese called the town Mogadouro, the Spanish Mogadour - Mogador and the French Mogador.

The name Mogador was identified in the world map of Medici in 1357 and on a map designed by Pizzigani 1367. 400 years later the Sultan Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdallah renewed the city and called it Souira (Souera)

The traveler Drake mentions Domegador in 1577 and this name is found in the maps published in Holland by Judocus Hondius in the sixteenth century.

The Capuchin Fathers of Toutaine report that in 1628 the Sultan Abed al-Malik was planning to use Christian slaves to build a fortified port face the Atlantic islands and even mention the existence of a fort on an island.
The Prince of Razilly who came to hunt down pirates in 1629 after having bombed the port city of Salé, mentions the name of Mongador, as does the Hondius Atlas in 1608. Trade with Mogador would have existed before the creation of the city. Thus, there was a commercial exchanges between Mogador and Dieppe in 1660,


The French used the name Mogador during the protectorate 1912 - 1956.
With the independence of Morocco, the town took the official name of Essaouira!
Es Soueïra meaning in Arabic the beautiful image. Another interpretation is that the term derives from the Arabic word elmoussawara meaning the walled.

The berbers (Imazighen) call it Tassourt! (Ta Souart.)


Essaouira - a town with many names!

Karikon Teikos,Thamuziga, Amagdoul, Mogadouro, Mogadour, Mougadir, Megoudar, Mogador, Tassourt, Souïra are all names of the town Essaouira.....

and there are more names of Essaouira:

  • "Une cité sous les Alizés" - A city under the Trade Winds -
    "La Cité des alizés"
  • "Essaouira - "the windcity"
  • "The pearl of the kingdom" or "The pearl of the Atlantic"
  • "The door of Timbuktu"

 


Voyage Mogador

Bus "VOYAGE MOGADOR"
Essaouira

The name Mogador is used all over the world.

  • Cafe Mogador in New York City
  • Théâtre Mogador a Paris
  • Mogador was the lead ship of the French Navy's Mogador-class destroyer (French: contre-torpilleur). She was built before the outbreak of World War II.

 

 

Mogador


Origin of the name Mogador

External links

The sultan and
Queen Victoria

Souss.com
forum en francais

Mogador: Son étymologie
judéo berbère
Omar Lakhdar
(Essaouira, Maroc)