The second priority is for the conception of
a border for the city on its eastern and northern side,
organising the transition between city and the dunes. The dune
forest remains a vulnerable ecological structure. The
heavy winds and the ongoing urbanisation in
the dunes are the two main factors that jeopardise the ecological
equilibrium of the dunes. It is imperative to safeguard the
dunes. This protection of the dunes does not imply that they
have to remain a non-space (as they have been perceived by the
Essaouira population todate).
Giving the dunes a specific use and significance for the city,
while at first sight a contradiction, might be the best method
of ensuring their protection.
This can be achieved by creating a green belt around
the city .
Read more in
The Green Belt
Firstly, working on the equilibrium
between nature and city concerns itself with the mediation
between the city and the two majestic natural elements that
surround it. How ever, this does not mean that nothing can be
done in the city itself. Management of solid waste, sustainable
water treatment and purification, and other environmental concerns
have to be addressed and translated into programmes, actions
and projects. In spatial terms, the greening of a number of
public spaces and the elaboration of the east west transverse
connections acting as links between the two dominant
natural elements (sea and dunes) is an important issue
which, at the same time, articulates, clarifies and enriches
the spatial structure of the city.
Urban Development and Freshwater Resources. UNESCO, 1996.
Updated for the CSI home page in February 1997.