This wide and slow moving current is
thought to have been exploited in the early Phoenician
navigation and settlement along the coast of western Morocco.
The trade winds blow predominantly from the
northeast in the Northern Hemisphere
and from the southeast in the Southern Hemisphere, strengthening
during the winter and when the Arctic oscillation is in its
Historically, the trade winds have been used by captains of
sailing ships to cross the world's oceans for centuries, and
enabled European empire expansion into the
Americas and trade routes
to become established across the Atlantic and Pacific
Winds are often referred to according to their
strength, and the direction
from which the wind is blowing. Everage yearly speed
of the wind is 9 m/s in Cap Sim at the
windfarn Parc Eolien Amogdoul.
The Canary Current is an ocean current
which branches south from the North Atlantic Current
and flows toward the south-west about as far as Senegal
where it turns west. The cool temperature is caused by the upwelling
nutrient-rich water drawn up from below the surface by the current.
The North - East trade winds
Charki, hit Essaouira sometimes violent
, mostly in the summer and during the dayvs.
Summer is best for wind- and kitesurfing.
Parc Eolien Amogdoul,
near Cap Sim, can be seen on the southern horizont from Essaouira
The Amogdoul 60 MW wind farm started operation
on April 13th 2007.
Cap Sim near the wind parc, is among
Morocco's most western cape on the Atlantic coastline and enjoys
favorable trade wind conditions. Everage yearly speed of the wind
is 9 m/s.
It generates about 210 GWH of electricity
per year. This leads to the systemtatic reduction of 156.000 tonnes
of CO2 emissions per year. Configured with 71 individual 850 MW
wind turbines, this wind farm also benefits from the Clean Development
Mechanism (CDM) support sources associated to environmental
agreements from the Kyoto protocol.(http://www.saharawind.com)