The Gangas are black Berbers who have been
present in the region since the 16th century at the time when
they worked in the sugar refineries. See Target The
Man) or "Berber" Symbol
The ancient Berber script, Tifinagh, was developed around 500 BC, from the Pheonicians.The Symbol represents Freedom seen by the Imazighen of North Africa. It was used in the war as a weapon and also represents the last letter 'Z' of the Tifinagh Alphabet. It is called the AZA sign of the Imazighen people used in the middle of the Amazigh flag.
and a Tifinagh letter yaz (z) or aza.
Tamazight - Berber langugae spoken in
the high and middle Atlas mountains.
The Berbers are considered the first inhabitants of Morocco. Islamised by the Arabs. See Timeline history
Musicians with their typical instruments
playing for the tourist at the cafés
(Achelhi plural: Ichelhiyen)
Shilha native Taclhit,
variously transcribed Tachelhit, Tachelhiyt, Tachlhit;
also Tamazirt n Suss, (Moroccan Arabic:Shelha)
is one of the large Berber language with about
3 million speakers.
There are three berber linguistic groups
in Morocco. In the North the Rif (tarifit),
in the High and Middle Atlas Tamazigh (tamazight)
and also in the Anti Atlas and the Souss the Chleuh
The confederation of the Haha consists
of the following 12 tribes:
Ida ou Bouzia
Ida ou Guelloul
Ida ou Gord
Ida ou Issarn
Ida ou Kassou
Ida ou Tghoumma
Ida ou Zemzem
Ibn Battuta 1304 - 1369
A Moroccan explorer of Berber descent. Over a period of thirty years, Ibn Battuta visited most of the known Islamic world as well as many non-Muslim lands. His journeys included trips to North Africa, the Horn of Africa, West Africa and Eastern Europe in the West, and to the Middle East, South Asia, Central Asia, Southeast Asia and China. Ibn Battuta is considered to be among the great travellers of all time. Ibn Battuta is probably buried in Tanger where he died and he visited also Marrakech (the mythical capital of the Amazigh, Marrakech (Land of Gods).
Starting from the 1960s, however, on the initiative of the Académie Berbère of Paris,
some Berbers have begun computing the years starting from 950 BC, the approximate
date of the rising into power of the first Libyan Pharaoh in Egypt, Shoshenq I, whom they identified as the first prominent Berber in history (he is recorded as being of Libyan origin).
For example, the Gregorian year 2010 corresponds to the year 2960 of the Berber calendar.
"Some historians link it to the enthronement as pharaoh of the Amazigh king Chachnaq after defeating Ramses III [believed to have happened in 950 BC]," said archaeologist Mostafa Ouachi, referencing the Berbers' ancient Amazigh language.
"For others, it corresponds to what is known in Morocco as the agricultural calendar, celebrated around January 13," said Ouachi, a professor at Rabat University. Source: Al Jazeera13 Jan 2014
Morocco's Berbers, who several years ago won official recognition for their ancient Amazigh language in a new constitution, are also pushing for January 13 to be made a public holiday.
Yennayer - the first day of the Amazigh New Year, based on the Julian calendar - has long been celebrated in various parts of Morocco, Algeria and Libya with special foods and performances.
A common dish is the seven-vegetable couscous, or the rfissa (shredded pancakes) with chicken. Children receive gifts and treats. Adults wear masks - of different animals and characters - to entertain children. Source: Al Jazeera16 Jan 2015
A berber tradition from the Middle Atlas mountains
Fantasia at a Moussem in the village Tighessaline
Khenifra Morocco 2012
Histoire des Berbères 1/2 (Bernard Lugan)
In 2011, the king Mohammed VI initiated a constitution which for the first time
recognised the Berber language as an official language beside Arabic. (Aufaitmaroc.com,130411)
Here we see the name of the school in Arabic, Berber and French.
You can not ignore the fact that there is an ongoing conflict between Arabs and Berbers
and that there is a struggle against Arabization and Islamism.
This struggle has intensified with the increased political awareness that followed the "Arab Spring" uprising.
This awareness includes illuminating discrimination and abuse of Berber human rights
but also to give them credits for culturel, scientific and historical achievements in the past!