The first day of fasting in 2018 is on the 16th of Mayand continues for 30 days until the 15th of June. Eid ul-Fitr (15th of June) celebrates the conclusion of the thirty days of dawn-to-sunset fasting during the entire month of Ramadan.
Note that in the Muslim
calendar, a holiday begins on the sunset of the previous
day, so observing Muslims will celebrate Ramadan on the sunset of
the previous day.
The start and end of Ramadan
is based on the lunar calendar.
Note: The exact dates of Islamic holidays cannot be determined
in advance, due to the nature of the Islamic lunar calendar.
Estimates are based on expected visibility of the hilal
(waxing crescent moon following a new moon) and may vary according
is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar(Hijri).
It is the Islamic month of fasting, in which participating
Muslims refrain from eating, drinking, that is in excess
or ill-natured; from dawn until sunset. Fasting is meant to teach the Muslim
patience, modesty and spirituality. Ramadan is a time for Muslims
to fast (sawm) for the sake of Allah
and to offer more prayer than usual. During Ramadan,
Muslims ask forgiveness for past sins, pray for guidance
and help in refraining from everyday evils, and try to purify
themselves through self-restraint and good deeds.
and significance of Islam in peoples life must be understood
and a visitor with other beliefs must show respect and learn to
follow some simple rules.
Women should avoid provocative
Don´t smoke, drink
and eat in public during the days in the month of Ramadan
Never disturb someone in
Avoid criticizing religion.
Ask for permission before
Of religious reasons some places
and events are sacred and not accesible for non muslims. Read
more in Tourism
It is punishable by 1 to 6 months' imprisonment, "he who is member of the Muslim religion and ostensibly breaks the fast in a public place during the time of Ramadan, without grounds permitted by this religion".
Article 222 of the Moroccan Penal Code
5 months prison for Moroccan muslim eating in public place during Ramadan! (17.07.2014)
Morocco: free not to fast during Ramadan, yes, but secretly
The night of the 15th starts at
sunset on the 14th and ends at sunrise on the 15th.
It is reported from Sayyiduna Ali that the Islamic prophet
Muhammad said: "Let all of you spend the night of
mid-Sha`ban in worship and its day in fasting.
Allah descends to the nearest heaven during this night, beginning
with sunset, and says: Is there no one asking forgiveness that
I may forgive them? Is there no one asking sustenance that I may
grant them sustenance? Is there no one under trial that I may
relieve them? Is there not such-and-such, is there not such-and-such,
and so forth until dawn rises." Hadith
"The Prophet (S.A.) had said that during the night of
15th Shaba'an the Almighty takes decisions
in the matters of sustenance, life and death and welfare of
the people. Next to the “Night of Qadr”
the night of 15th Shabaan is the most auspicious
night (also known as “night of Baraat”).
According to the Imam Muhammad bin Ali Al Baqir (A.S.) and Jaa’—far
bin Muhammad As Sadiq (A.S.) the Almighty Allah has promised
to fulfill every legitimate desire put forward to Him tonight.
During this night Allah (swt) bestows on HIS people from HIS
bounty & forgives them out of HIS grace & generosity
.Of the blessings of this night is that ,at the dawn of this
night ,was born the Leader of the Time Imam e Zamana (atfs)
in Samarra -Iraq in the yr 255 AH ."
Laylat al-Qadr (also known
as Shab-e-Qadr, Laylatul Qadr), the Night of
Power, Night of Value, the Night of Decree
or Night of Measures, is the anniversary of a very important date in Islam that occurred in
the month of Ramadan. It is the anniversary
of the night Muslims believe the first verses of the Qur'an
were revealed to the Islamic prophetMuhammad.
"It is a special night better than 1000
months. It was the night when the Quran was
first revealed - a night in which all our sins could be forgiven."
Laylat al-Qadr is to be found
in the last ten odd nights of Ramadan. There is no history in
the Qur'an as to when the specific date is.Therefore in the
Sunni communities of all the Islamic countries, the Laylat al-Qadar
is found to be on the last ten nights of Ramadan.
Most probably it falls on the 27th
night of Ramadan. It is the night when Quraan
was revealed (as a whole on the 4th sky) and then was revealed
piecemeal to Muhammad in 23 years, 13 years in Makkah
and 10 years in Madina
Surah 97 of the Quran, Al-Qadr
(Power, Fate or Destiny), addresses Lailat al Qadr
In the name of God, the Beneficent the
Indeed We sent it [the Holy Quran] down on the Night of
What will convey to you what the Night of Power is like!
Better is the Night of Power than a thousand months
in that Night the angels and the Spirit descend
by the permission of their Lord for every affair.
Peace it is, till the break of dawn.
[Quran, Chapter 97]
............" It is also believed that this night marks their fate in the following year. Therefore, many Muslims pray in the night to God for mercy, forgiveness, and salvation. This practice is also called Ehyaa.
This "Night of Power" is considered the most appropriate time of the entire year to pray for salvation and blessings. It is believed that a Muslim’s past sins are forgiven if the person prays throughout this night. Many Muslims spend this time of the year studying and praying. Some Muslims spend the whole night praying or reciting the Qur'an.
Some Muslims also believe that one who fasts perfectly during the night of Laylat al-Qadr may receive a personal greeting from an angel who will grant them a wish. It is believed that fasting is a way to improving one’s self discipline and physical health, as well as gain spiritual benefits."
About Laylat al-Qadr
Laylat al Qadr commemorates the night in 610 CE when Allah revealed the Qur’an (Islamic holy book) to the prophet Muhammad. The angel Gabriel first spoke to the prophet during that time, which marked the beginning of Muhammed’s mission. These revelations continued throughout the remainder of his life, according to Islamic belief.
There is a difference of opinion about the date for Laylat al-Qadr but, in general, it is agreed that it is most likely to be in the last 10 nights of Ramadan, with the odd nights being more likely. Of the odd nights, the night of the 27th (which is the night before the 27th of Ramadan, as the Islamic day starts with nightfall) is most likely, according to many Muslim scholars.
To mark the 27th night of the holy month of Ramadan, many parents bring their children
to take photos in order to celebrate this sacred moment.
(Festival of the Purification After Completing the Fasting Month)
Eid ul-Fitr, Eid
al-Fitr, Id-ul-Fitr, or Id al-Fitr , often abbreviated to
Eid, is a three-day Muslim holiday that
marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month
of fasting (sawm). Eid is an Arabic
word meaning "festivity", while Fitr
means "conclusion of the fast"; and so the
holiday celebrates the conclusion of the thirty days of dawn-to-sunset
fasting during the entire month of Ramadan. The first day of Eid,
therefore, falls on the first day of the month Shawwal.
Before the day of Eid, during
the last few days of Ramadan, each Muslim
family gives a determined amount as a donation to the poor.
This donation is of actual food -- rice, barley, dates, rice,
etc. -- to ensure that the needy can have a holiday meal and
participate in the celebration. This donation is known as sadaqah
al-fitr (charity of fast-breaking).
The statement of the Supreme Council of Ulema: The minimum amount of Zakat Al Fitr for the 1437 years of the Hegira(2016) is between 12 and 15 dirhams per person.
On the day of Eid, Muslims
gather early in the morning in outdoor locations or mosques
to perform the Eid prayer. This consists of
a sermon followed by a short congregational prayer. After
the Eid prayer, Muslims usually scatter
to visit various family and friends, give gifts (especially
to children), and make phone calls to distant relatives to give
well-wishes for the holiday. These activities traditionally
continue for three days. In most Muslim
countries, the entire 3-day period is an official government/school
holiday. Source: http://islam.about.com/od/ramadan/f/eid_fitr.htm
Afternoon prayers in a temporary